RSS

EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS DISTRICTS / MUNICIPALITIES IMPROVING THE WELFARE OF THE COMMUNITY IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE : Suripto[1]

31 Mar

Abstract

Local autonomy has made the local governments to have a wide outhorities to deal with their own affairs. The aim was to accelerate development and to improve the welfare of the community. The success of local development could be seen from several indicators of achievements such as the Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDRP). These indicators showed that the local governments were successful in their untilizing resources. The effectiveness of the management of the local government was a crucial issue, on the other hand efficiency had to be taker into account. This paper presented the level of efficiency and effectiveness of districts / municipalities in Central Java Province in achieving the welfare of the community. The analysis used was the model of the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) – Banker, Charnes, and Cooper (BCC) Output (DEA-BBC-O) Solver. Meanwhile, The data used as Decision Making Unit (DMU)  were 29 districts and 6 municipalities. The results of the analysis showed that there were 10 efficient DMUs and 25 inefficient DMUs.

Key word: efficiency, effectiveness, government, Districts, Municipalities

  1. A. Introduction

The era of local autonomy has given broad authority to local governments manage their own household. The purpose of autonomy is essentially to accelerate the realization of public welfare through the improvement, service, empowerment, and community participation, and enhancing regional competitiveness. Thus, in addition to local autonomy also entitles obligations to local governments. In implementing this, local governments based on the principles of autonomy and aid task, and four principles ei democracy, equality, justice, privilege and exclusivity of a region.

Welfare level is evidence of the success or failure of local government development. Many indicators that can be used to measure or assess the level of community welfare. Indicators include the Human Development Index (HDI), Local Government Original Receipt (LGOR), the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP). HDI is a measure of achievement and success of local government or central government ie the three basic dimensions of human development, namely the length of life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. However, IPM is not a comprehensive measure of human development. LGOR is a measure of local governments in producing revenue using its resources. Meanwhile, GRDP is one indicator of economic growth of a country / region / area.

Central Java Province is a province very strategic that is geographically. Where in between the two major province of West Java and East Java, and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Total area of 32,544.12 hectares (ha) which consists of 29 Districts and the 6 municipalities. With a population in the year 2006 as many as 32,177,730 people.

Central Java province has a role and a great contribution in the success of national development. Data Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS-Statistics) showed that in 2006, Central Java Province was ranked 15th in human development based on the national HDI. GRDP based on current price of Rp. 281,996,709,100,000, – or rank fourth after Banten, West Java, East Java. While the LGOR in 2006 for 2,562,319,579,000, – or grew 21.10% from the previous year. LGOR contribution to the Provincial Budgets for 68.42%. Growth must be independent of performance in the budget. Where it decrease the level of dependence on central financing sources.

Province is a compilation of achievement of all districts and municipalities in Central Java Province. Thus, the success of the development district is very important to do the assessment. Success can be measured from the aspect of effectiveness and efficiency. Effectiveness aspects include the success of human development, economic development, social development and cultural others. Aspects of efficiency involves the use of natural resources in the development of local government.

  1. B. Description of District and Municipalities

Quantity of civil servants

Civil Servants is an important element in governance, including in the local goverment. Civil servants in the administration of course can be seen from two sides of the quality and quantity. Secondly it must be very important in governance because it will determine the quality of the results. However, limitations to data quality of civil servants, the author of this paper will present a quantity of civil servants in each local government district in Central Java Province as an attachment in table 1.

Local Government District or Municipalities that has a quantity of civil servants < 10,000 as many as 13 District or Municipalities such as Purbalingga District, Wonosobo District, Kudus District, Demak District and Tegal Municipaliti. Next is a civil servant of > 10,000 ≤ 20,000 as many as 17 District or Municipalities, among others Kebumen District, Grobogan District, Brebes District and Surakarta Municipaliti. While those with > 20,000 by 4 districts include Cilacap District and Semarang Municipaliti.

Semarang Municipaliti and Cilacap District is a local government with a quantity of civil servants, more than 40,000 people. This is certainly not independent of the character of the local government. Semarang Municipaliti is the provincial capital of central java which requires public service greater than any other districts or municipalities. Meanwhile Cilacap District is a regional government with the most extensive area of 2138.51 km2, with a range of Spacious work areas so that more civil servants are also needed large.

Local Government Receipt

Receipt and capital revenue in the region are implementing local government development programs. Districts / municipalities in Central Java province has a majority of the revenues over 500 billion. There are only 2 district and 4 municipalities that have revenues and 500 billion below. Region is Temanggung District, Batang Municipaliti, Magelang Municipaliti, Salatiga Municipaliti, Pekalongan District and Tegal District Central Java Province. Income and revenue more on the graph 1 (attached).

Graph 1 shows that income in the districts and the municipalities of Central Java province is higher compared with the reception. Therefore, it can mean that the County and cities in Central Java has a budget independence. From 35 districts and municipalities there are only 10 districts and municipalities that quantity income more than 10% of its revenues. While the largest percentage was in town tegal ie 69.2% of revenues.

Realization of income and revenue districts and municipalities in Central Java province as in graph 2 (attached). Three districts have borrowed under 25% of the income of Cilacap District, Wonosobo District and Sragen District. While the realization that exceed the municipalities Tegal and Semarang.

Local Government Original Receipt

LGOR is one indicator of independence of local government budgets. LGOR district in Central Java Province, as in appendix table 1. Districts and municipalities of LGOR who have less than 50 billion as many as 19 local government and the lowest occupied with LGOR Pekalongan 17 billion. While those with LGOR more than 50 billion as many as 16 local government and the highest occupied municipaliti of Semarang. High or low revenue is determined by the level of economic activity in the area. For example semarang municipaliti as the capital of the province and business center in central Java has the highest revenue.

Next side, realization of LGOR, Districts / Municipalities in Central Java Province is still low. This can be seen from the percentage of the realization that less than 40 percent, only three districts prosentasinya more than 40 percent include Blora District, Pekalongan Municipaliti and Kebumen District.

Human Development Index

HDI is one way to measure the overall achievement of a region. The three basic dimensions of human development, namely the length of life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. Central Java Province in 2006 has a HDI value of 70.3. HDI value districts and the minicipalities when compared with the provincial HDI value of over 16 districts and municipalities. And other HDI under the Province HDI value. HDI value districts and municipalities in Central Java Province in 2006 can be seen in appendix table 1.

Comparison of HDI districts and municipalities, it is seen that the municipalities has a higher HDI value than the districts. It can not be separated from public access a wider city on education and health compared with the district community. In addition, the city administrative region shaped more rural districts, while urban villages. Sub-District is a district of the regional or district under the city led by the village chief. Whereas, the Village is the unity of the legal community who have territorial boundaries of the authority to regulate and manage the interests of local communities, based on the origin and local customs are recognized and respected in the system of the State Government of Republic of Indonesia. The village is not a local device that are not under sub district.

Gross Regional Domestic Product

GRDP is one indicator of economic growth in a region. GRDP value districts and municipalities in Central Java in 2006 based price and constant price as in appendix table 1.

GRDP based on current price, then the area has a high value above Rp. 20 billion is Cilacap District, and the Holy city of Semarang. GRDP is above Rp. 5 billion is Banyumas District, Magelang District, Klaten District, Sukoharjo District, Karangayar District, Pati District, Jepara District, Semarang District, Kendal District, Brebes District and Surakarta Municipaliti.

  1. C. Literature Review

Literratur review in this paper is a theoretical foundation for determining indicators of this study. Literature review they are quiet success of the development shown by the level of community welfare. One measure used in determining the success rate of development is HDI. HDI is a composite index used to measure the average achievements of a country in three ways, namely : life expectancy, knowledge and the Decent Life. Flow measurement indicators such as in Figure 1.

Source: http://tkpkri.org/indeks-pembangunan-manusia.html

Figure 1

Flow Measurement HDI

The use of HDI is important because humans and all abilities should be the main criterion for assessing a country’s development. Nevertheless, the HDI is not the only indicator for the results of the HDI is not the result of can provide comprehensive descriptions.

Another indicator is the budget includes economic, revenue and GRDP. Important economic indicator because one of the regional development goals is to spur regional economic growth shows the success of development.

Budget is the amount of Revenue and Local Government Revenue which is used in the implementation of development. The budget is in the fit in the budget area (budget). Budgets are an annual financial plan of local government in Indonesia which was approved by the Regional People’s Representative Council is determined by the Regional Regulation. Budgets are generally contains Budget Budget Revenues and Expenditures. Revenue budget includes LORG, the balance of funds, other Special Allocation funds. Budget includes the implementation of the purposes of local government tasks.

LORG is one indicator of local government autonomy in local finance. Source of tax revenue among local, regional levies, the local wealth management, and acceptance of others. Taxes are compulsory contributions made by an individual or entity to the Region without direct compensation balance, which may be imposed by legislation in force, which is used to finance local governance and local development. Retribution is a regional levies as payment for services or a specific licensing is reserved and / or provided by local governments for the benefit of an individual or entity.

GRDP is the sum of gross value added produced by all business units in a particular area. The calculation of GRDP is based on two basic ways that current prices and constant prices. GRDP based on current price is calculated by value-added goods and services are calculated using the price of each year. GRDP based on constant price is calculated by value-added goods and services are calculated using the price at a particular year as the base year calculations. Therefore, the value of GRDP to be one indicator in the assessment of development success.

Local Development Planning Board Kukar District in assessing the success of development is based on the following indicators,

  • Capability Apparatus
  • Regional Financial
  • Government Infrastructures
  • Public Facilities
  • Regional Economy
  • Physical Condition. Environment and Natural Resources
  • Population and Employment
  • Welfare
  • Social Conditions, Politics and Culture
  1. D. Analysis Method

This paper uses analytical tools DEA-Solver LV3.0 / BCC-o. Selection is based on the workings of the DEA to calculate the relative efficiency of the organization by using variables that have been specified in a particular group. In addition, DEA is able to give reference of the most appropriate organization within the group.

  1. E. Result Analysis

In using DEA-Solver BCC-O, the data used in the analysis as follows:

1. Number of DMUs = 35

2. Variable input = 2

• Input (1) = Number of civil servants

• Input (2) = Realization of Income and Revenue

3. Variable output = 4

• Output (1) = GDRP by Price Applies

• Output (2) = GDRP based on Constant Prices

• Output (3) = LORG

• Output (4) = HDI

Based on the above data, the results of such statistical appendix table 2. Semarang city is the region’s most lots have a number of civil servants, Realization of Regional Income and Revenue, GDRP and large LORG. This is certainly a reasonable thing which, semarang city is the center of business and government in central java, while the highest HDI in the city of Surakarta as one education center in central Java. Salatiga while the number of civil servants and has the smallest GDRP and HDI Brebes the lowest in central java. Viewed from the highest and lowest values, the number of employees, the realization of income and revenue, GDRP and the LORG has a large variation between regions with one another.

  1. F. Projection DEA Input and Output Indicator

Quantity of civil servants

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Indicators of most civil servants have been in accordance between the data and projection DEA. However, there are two commands that need to be district is reduced. Banyumas have to reduce staff and as many as 593 people of Malang Regency of 4411 people. The image projection number of civil servants, is presented in graph 3 (attached).

Realization of income and revenue

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Input Indicators Income and Revenue Realization there are five districts is inefficient. Preview realization of revenue and revenue districts is presented in graph 4 (attached)

District that has not efficiently cover as many as 16 fruits Banjarnegara, Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Karanganyar, Grobogan, Blora, Temanggung, Kendal, Pekalongan and Brebes. Projection Realization of Income and efficient revenue in detail in appendix table 3. Based on these tables, the districts with the inefficiencies> 20% cover Kebumen 38.22%, Wonogiri 34.3%, 32.87% Pekalongan, Blora 28%, Klaten 26.76%, 25.7% Sukoharjo, Grobogan 24.21 %, Karangayar 23.71%, 21.1% Boyolali, Magelang Banyumas 21.1% and 21%. While inefficiency <20% cover Temanggung 19.03%, Banjarnegara 18.22%, 9.62% Purworejo, Brebes Kendal 1.1% and 0.53%.

Applies Price GDRP

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Output Indicators Gross Regional Domestic Product by Price There are 25 districts Applies inefficient. District includes Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Karanganyar, Grobogan, Blora, Rembang, Pati, Jepara, Demak, Semarang, Temanggung, Kendal, Batang, Pekalongan, Pemalang, Tegal , and Brebes. Output Indicators Gross Regional Domestic Product districts is presented in graph 5 (attached).

Increase in GDP projection based on current price as an attachment in table 5. Increased GDP to reach the level of efficiency <10% cover Pati 5:07%, Klaten 5.67%, 6.61% Temanggung, Purbalingga 7:12%, 8:04% Rembang, Purworejo 8:11%, Wonogiri 8.75%, 9.92% and Semarang. whereas the> 10% cover of Pekalongan 10:20%, Pemalang 10:36%, 10:54% Batang, Banjarnegara 10.75%, 12.96% Grobogan, Brebes 13:47%, 15:41% Jepara, Tegal 17:13%, 17:56% Boyolali, Magelang 17.84%, Sukoharjo 19:01%, 22:27% Kendal, Demak 23:14%, 23:21% Banyumas, Karanganyar 28.64%, 31.31% Blora, and Kebumen 69.62%.

Constant Price GDRP

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Output Indicators Gross Regional Domestic Product at Constant Prices by as many as 24 districts are inefficient. Output Indicators Gross Regional Domestic Product districts is presented in graph 6 (attached). District includes Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Karanganyar, Grobogan, Blora, Rembang, Pati, Jepara, Demak, Semarang, Temanggung, Kendal, Batang, Pekalongan, Pemalang, Tegal , and Brebes.

Increase in GDP projection based on constant prices as at appendix table 6 (attached). District with an increase <10% covers 2.59% of Semarang, Temanggung 3.78%, 4:22% Karanganyar, Sukoharjo 4.35%, 5.25% Jepara, Demak 6.46%, 6.46% Kendal, Pati 7.55%, Pekalongan 8:20%, 9:52% Grobogan, and Boyolali 9.87 %. While the increase in> 10% cover Tegal 11:15%, 13:30% Wonogiri, Rembang 13.79%, 14.71% Klaten, Purworejo 15.74%, 15.80% Purbalingga, Brebes 17.88%, 17.91% Batang, Banjarnegara 19:08%, 19:44% Magelang, Pemalang 24.16% , Blora 35.25%, 37.44% Banyumas and Kebumen 79.90%.

Regional Revenue

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Output Revenue Region 24 districts are inefficient. Regional Revenue picture districts is presented in graph 7 (attached). District includes inefficient Banyumas, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara, Kebumen, Purworejo, Magelang, Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, Wonogiri, Karanganyar, Grobogan, Blora, Rembang, Pati, Jepara, Demak, Semarang, Temanggung, Kendal, Batang, Pekalongan, Pemalang , Tegal, Brebes and.

Increase in GDP projection based on the Regional Revenue as in Table 7 (attached). District with an increase <10% covers 2.59% of Semarang, Kebumen 4:32%, 5:07% Pati, Jepara 5.25%, 6.46% Demak, Kendal 6:46%, 7:12% Purbalingga, Banyumas 7.85%, and Rembang 8:04%. While the increase in> 10% cover Pemalang 10:36%, 11:15% Tegal, Banjarnegara 13:30%, 13:55% Karanganyar, Sukoharjo 15:21%, Temanggung 25.18%, 25.67% Brebes, Boyolali 26.11%, 26.37% Magelang, Wonogiri 27.22%, 30.84% Grobogan , Pekalongan 31.74%, 36.47% Blora, Purworejo 70.90%, 77.87% stem, and Klaten 103.30%.

Human Development Index

Based on calculations using DEA-Solver model BCC-O, Output Indicators of Human Development Index are 25 districts are not efficient as in the graph 8 (attached). District includes Semarang, Temanggung, Karanganyar, Kebumen, Sukoharjo, Pati, Jepara, Klaten, Demak, Kendal, Purbalingga, Banyumas, Rembang, Purworejo, Pekalongan, Magelang, Wonogiri, Grobogan, Boyolali, Pemalang, Batang, Banjarnegara, Blora, Tegal , and Brebes.

Projection increase IPM as in table 8 (attached). District that increase IPM <5% covers 2.59% of Semarang, Temanggung 3.78%, Karanganyar 4:22%, Kebumen 4.32%, and 4.35% Sukoharjo. District of mengingkatkan ≥ 5% – 10% include Pati 5:07%, 5.25% Jepara, Klaten 5.67%, 6.46% Demak, Kendal 6:46%, 7:12% Purbalingga, Banyumas 7.85%, 8:04% Rembang, Purworejo 8:11%, 8:20% Pekalongan, Magelang 8:22%, 8.75% Wonogiri, Grobogan 9:52%, and 9.87% Boyolali. While an increase> 10% cover Pemalang 10:36%, 10:54% Batang, Banjarnegara 10.75%, 10.98% Blora, Tegal Brebes 11:15% and 13:47%.

  1. G. Closing and Recommendations

The results of the above analysis it can be concluded that as many as 10 districts and cities have been regarded as efficient and 25 districts were considered to be efficient. District / City with the efficient and does not increase or decrease (constant) as much as 7 includes Cilacap District, Sragen Regency, Wonosobo regency, the Holy District, Salatiga, Pekalongan and Tegal, Central Java. Municipalities with efficient results, but should decrease as much as 3 includes Magelang, Surakarta and Semarang. While District wholly inefficient to decrease.

Based on the results of the analysis DEA-Solver model BCC-O, the reference districts that are not efficient as in Table 9 (attached). While district and town in the reference include Cilacap District, Kudus District, Magelang Municipaliti, Surakarta Municipaliti, Salatiga Municipaliti, Semarang Municipaliti and Tegal Municipaliti, Central Java Provincy.

Frequency reference in the district and the city became acuhan in improving the efficiency of Kab. Cilacap 1 times, Kab. Holy 16 times, 20 times Magelang, Surakarta 14 times, 10 times Salatiga, Semarang 18 times, and Tegal City 10 times. Was not a reference include Wonosobo District, Sragen District, and Pekalongan Municipaliti.

Reference List

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 32 Year 2004 on Regional Government

http://www.apkasi.or.id/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=52

http://asalgoblack.blogsarena.com/35044/

http://jateng.bps.go.id/2006/web06bab111/111grdp_ind.html

http://jateng.bps.go.id/2006/web06bab104/web06_1040902.htm

http://tkpkri.org/indeks-pembangunan-manusia.html

http://www.dinkesjatengprov.go.id/dokumen/profil/profil2006/bab2.htm

http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view.php?tabel=1&daftar=1&id_subyek=26&notab=2

http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view.php?tabel=1&daftar=1&id_subyek=52&notab=1

http://www.bappedajateng.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=162:evaluasi-pendapatan&catid=45:rkpd-prov-jateng-2009&Itemid=81

http://www.menegpp.go.id/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=53&limit=9&order=hits&dir=ASC&Itemid=67&limitstart=18

http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anggaran_Pendapatan_dan_Belanja_Daerah

Attachment 1 : DEA Data

Districts / Municipalities Quantity of civil servants

[2]

Revenue Realization [3] Applies Price GDRP

[4]

Constan Price PDRP[5] HDI[6] LORG[7]
Cilacap District 28,095 111,248.50 23,008,078.41 10,602,337.62 69.8 78,895,457
Banyumas District 20,917 733,500.87 6,428,219.55 3,759,547.61 70.8 84,391,301
Purbalingga District 9,235 483,032.23 3,408,083.52 2,018,808.10 69.9 47,694,606
Banjarnegara District 11,052 529,402.02 4,156,373.77 2,375,975.49 68.3 43,886,242
Kebumen District 13,781 809,140.85 4,082,203.22 2,460,673.11 69.5 92,533,197
Purworejo District 12,294 493,903.97 4,094,294.69 2,442,927.30 70.2 32,024,961
Wonosobo District 8,609 136,477.96 2,630,137.88 1,621,132.33 68.8 30,618,484
Magelang District 22,309 671,344.60 5,252,845.84 3,405,369.21 70.6 62,228,388
Boyolali District 16,856 674,531.35 5,142,433.03 3,600,897.97 69.4 59,307,284
Klaten District 17,244 733,945.15 7,504,499.43 4,253,788.00 71.8 37,870,003
Sukoharjo District 10,477 615,846.42 6,277,623.81 4,120,437.35 71.7 44,008,081
Wonogiri District 13,011 692,229.21 4,040,503.28 2,524,759.50 69.9 45,321,435
Karanganyar District 10,773 611,133.94 6,224,781.85 4,401,301.73 71.7 46,052,120
Sragen District 12,927 93,622.82 4,042,561.37 2,442,570.37 67.8 52,019,760
Grobogan District 12,003 591,289.32 4,019,839.80 2,682,467.18 69.2 41,911,235
Blora District 11,243 592,513.16 2,747,560.63 1,742,962.60 68.4 36,637,785
Rembang District 8,497 511,464.67 3,214,593.95 1,926,563.25 69.7 39,998,292
Pati District 13,651 737,193.68 6,033,083.05 3,770,330.52 71.8 66,197,687
Kudus District 9,330 559,646.10 21,417,328.54 10,903,735.34 71.3 51,247,705
Jepara District 8,918 578,627.25 5,677,316.95 3,554,051.11 70.0 54,111,307
Demak District 7,085 492,500.50 3,977,180.32 2,570,573.50 70.3 33,903,269
Semarang District 12,129 537,480.85 7,340,034.64 4,652,041.80 72.2 66,625,756
Temanggung District 8,312 485,932.73 3,211,426.29 2,060,632.81 72.7 31,187,560
Kendal District 9,579 614,002.11 6,867,673.66 4,423,060.95 68.3 63,330,008
Batang District 10,034 408,359.71 3,503,532.46 2,022,301.44 68.4 25,156,165
Pekalongan District 8,500 610,303.36 4,568,471.00 2,710,378.32 69.4 30,803,316
Pemalang District 11,197 606,087.07 5,178,579.01 2,865,095.20 67.4 59,457,262
Tegal District 11,822 589,471.21 4,380,578.68 2,957,778.51 67.8 53,852,887
Brebes District 13,018 505,539.83 8,402,057.26 4,551,196.99 65.9 47,995,354
Magelang Municipaliti 5,606 339,121.77 1,420,428.21 908,763.62 75.5 25,740,227
Surakarta Municipaliti 17,898 529,694.94 6,190,112.55 4,067,529.95 76.4 78,637,866
Salatiga Municipaliti 4,338 1,016,111.67 1,237,905.22 752,149.22 75.1 32,496,522
Semarang Municipaliti 46,544 1,117,908.24 26,623,864.34 17,055,212.25 75.9 224,822,680
Pekalongan Municipaliti 5,142 270,219.25 2,727,184.42 1,753,405.74 72.5 17,574,372
Tegal Municipaliti 5,027 293,177.99 1,660,905.53 1,054,499.45 71.4 63,725,637

Attachment 2 : Statistic Varibael Input dan Output

Uraian Quantity of civil servants Revenue Realization Applies Price GDRP Constan Price PDRP HDI LORG
Max 46544 1117908 26623864 17055212 76.4 224822680
Min 4338 93622.82 1237905.2 752149.22 65.9 17574372
Average 12784.37 553600.2 6191208.5 3686150.2 70.566 54350406
SD 7597.693 212769 5653591.7 3119274 2.412004 34088274.8

Attachment 3 : Projection value revenue ralization

No. District / Municipaliti Data Projection Difference %
1 Banyumas District 733500.87 579501.056 -153999.8 -21.00%
2 Banjarnegara District 529402.02 432939.864 -96462.16 -18.22%
3 Kebumen District 809140.85 497067.822 -312073 -38.57%
4 Purworejo District 493903.97 446414.444 -47489.53 -9.62%
5 Magelang District 671344.6 529694.94 -141649.7 -21.10%
6 Boyolali District 674531.35 517551.279 -156980.1 -23.27%
7 Klaten District 733945.15 537551.522 -196393.6 -26.76%
8 Sukoharjo District 615846.42 457585.665 -158260.8 -25.70%
9 Wonogiri District 692229.21 454808.195 -237421 -34.30%
10 Karanganyar District 611133.94 466212.686 -144921.3 -23.71%
11 Grobogan District 591289.32 448167.222 -143122.1 -24.21%
12 Blora District 592513.16 426516.902 -165996.3 -28.02%
13 Temanggung District 485932.73 393450.798 -92481.93 -19.03%
14 Kendal District 614002.11 610758.445 -3243.665 -0.53%
15 Pekalongan District 610303.36 409666.831 -200636.5 -32.87%
16 Brebes District 505539.83 499995.768 -5544.062 -1.10%
  • In Million rupiah

Attachment 5 : Projection value Applies Price GDRP

No. District / Municipaliti Data Projection Difference %
1 Banyumas District 6428219.55 7920311.12 1492091.6 23.21%
2 Purbalingga District 3408083.52 3650692.93 242609.41 7.12%
3 Banjarnegara District 4156373.77 4603102.57 446728.8 10.75%
4 Kebumen District 4082203.22 6924074.66 2841871.4 69.62%
5 Purworejo District 4094294.69 4426194.45 331899.76 8.11%
6 Magelang District 5252845.84 6190112.55 937266.71 17.84%
7 Boyolali District 5142433.03 6045193.36 902760.33 17.56%
8 Klaten District 7504499.43 7929756.16 425256.73 5.67%
9 Sukoharjo District 6277623.81 7470894.96 1193271.1 19.01%
10 Wonogiri District 4040503.28 4394147.87 353644.59 8.75%
11 Karanganyar District 6224781.85 8007499.58 1782717.7 28.64%
12 Grobogan District 4019839.8 4540782.73 520942.93 12.96%
13 Blora District 2747560.63 3607762.3 860201.67 31.31%
14 Rembang District 3214593.95 3473167.97 258574.02 8.04%
15 Pati District 6033083.05 6338931.08 305848.03 5.07%
16 Jepara District 5677316.95 6552394.1 875077.15 15.41%
17 Demak District 3977180.32 4897359.1 920178.78 23.14%
18 Semarang District 7340034.64 8068040.21 728005.57 9.92%
19 Temanggung District 3211426.29 3423623.27 212196.98 6.61%
20 Kendal District 6867673.66 8397218.59 1529544.9 22.27%
21 Batang District 3503532.46 3872894.98 369362.52 10.54%
22 Pekalongan District 4568471 5034377.83 465906.83 10.20%
23 Pemalang District 5178579.01 5714924.17 536345.16 10.36%
24 Tegal District 4380578.68 5131141 750562.32 17.13%
25 Brebes District 8402057.26 9534223.34 1132166.1 13.47%
  • Dalam juta rupiah

Attachment 6 : Projection value Constan Price GDRP

No. District / Municipaliti Data Projection Difference %
1 Banyumas District 3759547.61 5167243.29 1407695.7 37.44%
2 Purbalingga District 2018808.1 2337830.82 319022.72 15.80%
3 Banjarnegara District 2375975.49 2829272.86 453297.37 19.08%
3 Kebumen District 2460673.11 4426805.19 1966132.1 79.90%
4 Purworejo District 2442927.3 2827467.49 384540.19 15.74%
5 Magelang District 3405369.21 4067529.95 662160.74 19.44%
6 Boyolali District 3600897.97 3956390.5 355492.53 9.87%
7 Klaten District 4253788 4879401.35 625613.35 14.71%
8 Sukoharjo District 4120437.35 4299585.96 179148.61 4.35%
9 Kab. Wonogiri District 2524759.5 2860567.16 335807.66 13.30%
10 Karanganyar District 4401301.73 4586994.32 185692.59 4.22%
11 Grobogan District 2682467.18 2937941.37 255474.19 9.52%
12 Blora District 1742962.6 2357345.28 614382.68 35.25%
13 Rembang District 1926563.25 2192227.35 265664.1 13.79%
14 Pati District 3770330.52 4055004.27 284673.75 7.55%
15 Jepara District 3554051.11 3740659.53 186608.42 5.25%
16 Demak District 2570573.5 2736739.97 166166.47 6.46%
17 Semarang District 4652041.8 4772307.37 120265.57 2.59%
18 Temanggung District 2060632.81 2138458.99 77826.183 3.78%
19 Kendal District 4423060.95 4708600.51 285539.56 6.46%
20 Batang District 2022301.44 2384400.83 362099.39 17.91%
21 Pekalongan District 2710378.32 2932591.89 222213.57 8.20%
22 Pemalang District 2865095.2 3557399.79 692304.59 24.16%
23 Tegal District 2957778.51 3287490.57 329712.06 11.15%
24 Brebes   District 4551196.99 5365153.53 813956.54 17.88%
  • In million rupiah

Attachment 7

Projection Nilai LORG

No. District / Municipaliti Data Projection Difference %
Banyumas   District 84391301 91015855.1 6624554.1 7.85%
Purbalingga   District 47694606 51089816.2 3395210.2 7.12%
Banjarnegara   District 43886242 49723232.2 5836990.2 13.30%
Kebumen   District 92533197 96530807.2 3997610.2 4.32%
Purworejo   District 32024961 54731356.3 22706395 70.90%
Magelang   District 62228388 78637866 16409478 26.37%
Boyolali   District 59307284 74791468.2 15484184 26.11%
Klaten   District 37870003 76989079.7 39119077 103.30%
Sukoharjo   District 44008081 50703119.6 6695038.6 15.21%
Wonogiri   District 45321435 57658337.3 12336902 27.22%
Karanganyar   District 46052120 52290646.5 6238526.5 13.55%
Grobogan   District 41911235 54838031.4 12926796 30.84%
Blora   District 36637785 49998605.7 13360821 36.47%
Rembang   District 39998292 43215656 3217364 8.04%
Pati   District 66197687 69553588.4 3355901.4 5.07%
Jepara   District 54111307 56952466.4 2841159.4 5.25%
Demak   District 33903269 36094837 2191568 6.46%
Semarang   District 66625756 68348179.2 1722423.2 2.59%
Temanggung   District 31187560 39040485.4 7852925.4 25.18%
Kendal   District 63330008 67418403.5 4088395.5 6.46%
Batang   District 25156165 44744638.8 19588474 77.87%
Pekalongan   District 30803316 40579413.7 9776097.7 31.74%
Pemalang   District 59457262 65615247.5 6157985.5 10.36%
Tegal   District 53852887 59856022.9 6003135.9 11.15%
Brebes   District 47995354 60314077.1 12318723 25.67%
  • in million rupiah

Attachment 8

Projection Nilai HDI

No. District / Municipaliti Data Projection Difference %
1 Banyumas   District 70.8 76.3576632 5.5576632 7.85%
2 Purbalingga   District 69.9 74.8759336 4.9759336 7.12%
3 Banjarnegara   District 68.3 75.6409127 7.3409127 10.75%
4 Kebumen   District 69.5 72.5025323 3.0025323 4.32%
5 Purworejo   District 70.2 75.8906903 5.6906903 8.11%
6 Magelang   District 70.6 76.4 5.8 8.22%
7 Boyolali   District 69.4 76.251397 6.851397 9.87%
8 Klaten   District 71.8 75.8686835 4.0686835 5.67%
9 Sukoharjo   District 71.7 74.8173766 3.1173766 4.35%
10 Wonogiri   District 69.9 76.0179896 6.1179896 8.75%
11 Karanganyar   District 71.71 74.7354721 3.0254721 4.22%
12 Grobogan   District 69.2 75.7905052 6.5905052 9.52%
13 Blora   District 68.4 75.9127319 7.5127319 10.98%
14 Rembang   District 69.7 75.3064962 5.6064962 8.04%
15 Pati   District 71.8 75.4399115 3.6399115 5.07%
16 Jepara   District 70 73.6754085 3.6754085 5.25%
17 Demak   District 70.3 74.8443179 4.5443179 6.46%
18 Semarang   District 72.2 74.0665297 1.8665297 2.59%
19 Temanggung   District 72.7 75.4457407 2.7457407 3.78%
20 Kendal   District 68.3 72.7092432 4.4092432 6.46%
21 Batang   District 68.4 75.611121 7.211121 10.54%
22 Pekalongan   District 69.4 75.0898409 5.6898409 8.20%
23 Pemalang   District 67.4 74.3806145 6.9806145 10.36%
24 Tegal   District 67.8 75.3578606 7.5578606 11.15%
25 Brebes   District 65.9 74.7799377 8.8799377 13.47%

Attachment 9

Reference set

No. DMU Reference set (lambda)
1 Cilacap   District Cilacap   District
2 Banyumas   District Surakarta Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

3 Purbalingga   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

4 Banjarnegara   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

5 Kebumen   District Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

6 Purworejo   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

7 Wonosobo   District Wonosobo  District
8 Magelang   District Surakarta Municipaliti
9 Boyolali   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

10 . Klaten   District Kudus   District

Surakarta Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

11 Sukoharjo   District Kudus

Magelang Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

12 Wonogiri   District Kudus  District

Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

13 Karanganyar   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

14 Sragen   District Sragen   District
15 Grobogan   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

16 Blora   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

17 Rembang   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

18 Pati   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

19 Kudus   District Kudus   District
20 Jepara   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

21 Demak   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

22 Semarang   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

23 Temanggung   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

24 Kendal   District Kudus   District

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

25 Batang   District Cilacap   District

Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

26 Pekalongan   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

27 Pemalang   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

28 Tegal   District Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

Salatiga Municipaliti

Semarang Municipaliti

Tegal Municipaliti

29 Brebes   District Kudus   District

Magelang Municipaliti

Surakarta Municipaliti

30 Magelang Municipaliti Magelang Municipaliti
31 Surakarta Municipaliti Surakarta Municipaliti
32 Salatiga Municipaliti Salatiga Municipaliti
33 Semarang Municipaliti Semarang Municipaliti
34 Pekalongan Municipaliti Pekalongan Municipaliti
35 Tegal Municipaliti Tegal Municipaliti

Sumber : http://www.bappedajateng.info

Grafik 1

Revenue Local Government Districts / Municipalities

Sumber : http://www.bpk.go.id/doc/hapsem/2006i/ikhtisar/Bagian%20III/Bab15_Prov_Jateng.pdf

Grafik 2

Revenue Local Government Districts / Municipalities Realization

Grafik 3

Projection Quantity need Civil Servant

Grafik 4

Projection Ralization Revenue

Grafik 5

Projection Applies Price GDRP

Grafik 6

Projection Constan Price PDRP

Grafik 7

Projection LORG

Grafik 8

Projection HDI


[1] a researcher of the center for government institution performance studies.

[2] http://jateng.bps.go.id/2006/

[3] http://www.bpk.go.id/doc/hapsem/2006i/ikhtisar/Bagian%20III/Bab15_Prov_Jateng.pdf

[4] http://jateng.bps.go.id/2006/web06bab111/111grdp_eng.html

[5] http://jateng.bps.go.id/2006/web06bab111/111grdp_eng.html

[6] Human Development based  Gender  year 2005 and 2006, Kerjasama BPS Indonesia  with Kementerian Negara Pemberdayaan Perempuan

[7] http://www.bappedajateng.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=347:realisasi-pad-yang-sah-lainnya-2005 2007&catid=53:keuangan&Itemid=74

 
Tinggalkan komentar

Ditulis oleh pada Maret 31, 2010 in Uncategorized

 

Tag: , , , , , ,

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

 
%d blogger menyukai ini: